Nutrition as a Key Modifiable Factor for Periodontitis and Main Chronic Diseases - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2021

Nutrition as a Key Modifiable Factor for Periodontitis and Main Chronic Diseases

Prescilla Martinon
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1088324
Laurie Fraticelli
Claude Dussart
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1068000
Denis Bourgeois
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1038755
Florence Carrouel


Nutrition is recognized as an essential component in the prevention of a number of chronic diseases, including periodontal disease. Based on these considerations, a better understanding is required regarding how the diet, and more particularly the intake of macronutrients and micronutri- ents, could impact the potential relationship between nutrition and periodontal diseases, periodontal diseases and chronic diseases, nutrition and chronic diseases. To overcome this complexity, an up-to- date literature review on the nutriments related to periodontal and chronic diseases was performed. High-sugar, high-saturated fat, low-polyols, low-fiber and low-polyunsaturated-fat intake causes an increased risk of periodontal diseases. This pattern of nutrients is classically found in the Western diet, which is considered as an ‘unhealthy’ diet that causes cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancers. Conversely, low-sugar, high-fiber and high-omega-6-to-omega-3 fatty acid ratio intake reduces the risk of periodontal diseases. The Mediterranean, DASH, vegetarian and Okinawa diets that correspond to these nutritional intakes are considered as ‘healthy’ diets, reducing this risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancers. The role of micronutrients, such as vitamin D, E, K and magnesium, remains unclear, while others, such as vitamin A, B, C, calcium, zinc and polyphenols have been shown to prevent PDs. Some evidence suggests that probiotics and prebiotics could promote periodontal health. Periodontal and chronic diseases share, with a time delay, nutrition as a risk factor. Thus, any change in periodontal health should be considered as a warning signal to control the dietary quality of patients and thus reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases later on.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Martinon et al 2021.pdf (889.23 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03107936 , version 1 (12-01-2021)



Prescilla Martinon, Laurie Fraticelli, Agnes Giboreau, Claude Dussart, Denis Bourgeois, et al.. Nutrition as a Key Modifiable Factor for Periodontitis and Main Chronic Diseases. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2021, 10, ⟨10.3390/jcm10020197⟩. ⟨hal-03107936⟩


48 View
63 Download



Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More