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Journal Articles Geoderma Year : 2011

Large trends in French topsoil characteristics are revealed by spatially constrained multivariate analysis

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1
D. Arrouays
N.P.A. Saby
  • Function : Author
C. Jolivet
Line Boulonne
C. Ratié
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Spatially constrained multivariate analysis methods (MULTISPATI-PCA) and classical principal component analysis are applied for the entire country of France to study the main soil characteristics of topsoil and to assess if their multivariate spatial pattern can provide insight on their extent and origin. The results of the MULTSPATI-PCA provided evidence of strong spatial structures attributed to different natural processes. The first axis was interpreted as an axis of global soil richness in clay content. Axis 2 reflected the influence of some parent materials on the geochemical content of K and Al. Axis 3 showed a very large gradient of relative content in coarse silt. Axis 4 was driven by gradients of maritime influence. We show that MULTISPATI-PCA allows better than classical PCA to detect and map large regional trends in the distribution of topsoil characteristics. The two first axes were expected and the maps obtained by both methods were consistent. Interestingly, the other gradients were not expected and were better shown by MULTISPATI-PCA than by classical PCA.
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Dates and versions

hal-02303166 , version 1 (02-10-2019)

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D. Arrouays, N.P.A. Saby, Jean Thioulouse, C. Jolivet, Line Boulonne, et al.. Large trends in French topsoil characteristics are revealed by spatially constrained multivariate analysis. Geoderma, 2011, 161, pp.107-114. ⟨10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-02303166⟩
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