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Journal Articles Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health Year : 2023

The use of new approach methodologies for the environmental risk assessment of food and feed chemicals

Abstract

New Approach Methodologies (NAMs) provide tools for supporting both human and environmental risk assessment (HRA and ERA). This short review provides recent insights regarding the use of NAMs in ERA of food and feed chemicals. We highlight the usefulness of tiered methods supporting weight-of-evidence approaches in relation to problem formu-lation (i.e., data availability, time, and resource availability). In silico models, including quantitative structure activity relation-ship models, support filling data gaps when no chemical property or ecotoxicological data are available, and biologically-based models (e.g., toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic models, dynamic energy models, physiologically-based models and species sensitivity distributions) are applicable in more data rich situations, including landscape-based model-ling approaches. Particular attention is given to provide prac-tical examples to apply the approaches described in real-world settings. We conclude with future perspectives, with regards to the need for addressing complex challenges such as chemical mixtures and multiple stressors in a wide range of organisms and ecosystems.
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hal-04468997 , version 1 (20-02-2024)

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Matteo Riccardo Di Nicola, Irene Cattaneo, Alexis Nathanail, Edoardo Carnesecchi, Maria Chiara Astuto, et al.. The use of new approach methodologies for the environmental risk assessment of food and feed chemicals. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, 2023, 31, pp.100416. ⟨10.1016/j.coesh.2022.100416⟩. ⟨hal-04468997⟩
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