Assessment of VITEK MS IVD database V3.0 for identification of Nocardia spp. using two culture media and comparing direct smear and protein extraction procedures - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Year : 2019

Assessment of VITEK MS IVD database V3.0 for identification of Nocardia spp. using two culture media and comparing direct smear and protein extraction procedures

, (1) , (1) , , , , , , , , (1)
1
T. Durand
  • Function : Author
V. Girard
  • Function : Author
S. Polsinelli
  • Function : Author
V. Monnin
  • Function : Author
G. Durand
  • Function : Author
O. Dauwalder
  • Function : Author
O. Dumitrescu
  • Function : Author
F. Laurent
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We assessed the performance of the VITEK MS IVD V3.0 matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization - time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS) V3.0 database for the identification of Nocardia spp. as compared with targeted DNA sequencing. A collection of 222 DNA sequence-defined Nocardia spp. strains encompassing 18 different species present or not in the database was tested. Bromocresol purple agar (BCP) and Columbia agar +5% sheep's blood (COS) culture media were used together with two different preparation steps: direct smear and a "3 attempts" procedure that covered (1) spotting of an extract, (2) new spotting of the same extract, and (3) spotting of a new extract. The direct smear protocol yielded low correct identification rates (<= 15% for both media) whereas protein extraction yielded correct identification results (\\textgreater 67% regardless of the media used.). The use of 2 additional attempts using repeat or new extracts increased correct identification rates to 87% and 91% for BCP and COS, respectively. When using the 3 attempts procedure, the best identification results, independent of media types, were obtained for N. farcinica and N. cyriacigeorgica (100%). Identification attempts 2 and 3 allowed to increase the number of correct identifications (BCP, +20%; COS, +13%). The enhancement in performance during attempts 2 and 3 was remarkable for N. abscessus (81% for both media) and low prevalence species (BCP, 70%; COS, 85%). Up to 3.4% and 2.4% of the strains belonging to species present in the database were misidentified with BCP and COS media, respectively. In 1.9% of the cases for BCP and 1.4% for COS, these misidentifications concerned a species belonging to the same phylogenetic complex. Concerning strains that are not claimed in the V3.0 database, N. puris and N. goodfellowi generated "No identification" results and 100% of the strains belonging to N. arthritidis, N.cerradoensis, and N. altamirensis yielded a misidentification within the same phylogenetic complex. Vitek MS IVD V3.0 is an accurate and useful tool for identification of Nocardia spp.
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-02473997 , version 1 (11-02-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

T. Durand, Florian Vautrin, E. Bergeron, V. Girard, S. Polsinelli, et al.. Assessment of VITEK MS IVD database V3.0 for identification of Nocardia spp. using two culture media and comparing direct smear and protein extraction procedures. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 2019, ⟨10.1007/s10096-019-03758-x⟩. ⟨hal-02473997⟩
31 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More