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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2017

Size and density sorting of dust grains in SPH simulations of protoplanetary discs

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Abstract

The size and density of dust grains determine their response to gas drag in protoplanetary discs. Aerodynamical (size x density) sorting is one of the proposed mechanisms to explain the grain properties and chemical fractionation of chondrites. However, the efficiency of aerodynamical sorting and the location in the disc in which it could occur are still unknown. Although the effects of grain sizes and growth in discs have been widely studied, a simultaneous analysis including dust composition is missing. In this work, we present the dynamical evolution and growth of multicomponent dust in a protoplanetary disc using a 3D, two-fluid (gas+dust) smoothed particle hydrodynamics code. We find that the dust vertical settling is characterized by two phases: a density-driven phase that leads to a vertical chemical sorting of dust and a size-driven phase that enhances the amount of lighter material in the mid-plane. We also see an efficient radial chemical sorting of the dust at large scales. We find that dust particles are aerodynamically sorted in the inner disc. The disc becomes sub-solar in its Fe/Si ratio on the surface since the early stage of evolution but sub-solar Fe/Si can be also found in the outer disc-mid-plane at late stages. Aggregates in the disc mimic the physical and chemical properties of chondrites, suggesting that aerodynamical sorting played an important role in determining their final structure.

Dates and versions

hal-02328804 , version 1 (23-10-2019)

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F. C. Pignatale, J. -F. Gonzalez, Nicolas Cuello, Bernard Bourdon, Caroline Fitoussi. Size and density sorting of dust grains in SPH simulations of protoplanetary discs. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017, 469 (1), pp.237--254. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stx801⟩. ⟨hal-02328804⟩
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