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Journal Articles npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease Year : 2024

Cholesterol biosynthetic pathway induces cellular senescence through ERRα


Cellular senescence is a cell program induced by various stresses that leads to a stable proliferation arrest and to a senescence-associated secretory phenotype. Accumulation of senescent cells during age-related diseases participates in these pathologies and regulates healthy lifespan. Recent evidences point out a global dysregulated intracellular metabolism associated to senescence phenotype. Nonetheless, the functional contribution of metabolic homeostasis in regulating senescence is barely understood. In this work, we describe how the mevalonate pathway, an anabolic pathway leading to the endogenous biosynthesis of poly-isoprenoids, such as cholesterol, acts as a positive regulator of cellular senescence in normal human cells. Mechanistically, this mevalonate pathway-induced senescence is partly mediated by the downstream cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. This pathway promotes the transcriptional activity of ERRα that could lead to dysfunctional mitochondria, ROS production, DNA damage and a p53-dependent senescence. Supporting the relevance of these observations, increase of senescence in liver due to a high-fat diet regimen is abrogated in ERRα knockout mouse. Overall, this work unravels the role of cholesterol biosynthesis or level in the induction of an ERRα-dependent mitochondrial program leading to cellular senescence and related pathological alterations.
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Dates and versions

hal-04526499 , version 1 (29-03-2024)



Dorian V Ziegler, Joanna Czarnecka-Herok, Mathieu Vernier, Charlotte Scholtes, Clara Camprubi, et al.. Cholesterol biosynthetic pathway induces cellular senescence through ERRα. npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease, 2024, 10, pp.5. ⟨10.1038/s41514-023-00128-y⟩. ⟨hal-04526499⟩
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